Migrating from PCLStorage to .NET Standard 2.0

If you’re a Xamarin Forms developer, you’ve likely used PCLStorage (or other Dependency Service) to interact with the target platform’s file system in the portable class library’s code. However, since November 2017, Xamarin.Forms now uses a .NET Standard 2.0 class library and PCLStorage is no longer supported.

System.IO.File

This isn’t a problem because in .NET Core 2.0 you now have access to System.IO.File’s GetFolderPath and SpecialFolder methods (see System.IO.File in .NET Core 2.0 docs).

Thus, you can get a path to the app’s local folder (the one that the app can save to) without having to write a Dependency Service (which is what PCLStorage does) by using:

var localFolder = Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.LocalApplicationData);

With a reference to the localFolder path, you can Combine it with the file name:

var notes = File.ReadAllText(Path.Combine(LocalFolder, "notes.txt"));

Functional Demo

As a very simple example, I created a couple extension methods for Stream and Byte[] in the below FileExtensions class.

To test it, I created a ContentPage that downloads an image, saves it using the extension method and set a FileImageSource to confirm that it’s a file (instead of just using a StreamImageSource).

https://gist.github.com/LanceMcCarthy/693ab82aa498cadf75e9fe778c4242ad

Note that the extension methods are very basic and shouldn’t be used in production as-is (i.e. no defensive programming code).

Here is the result at runtime on UWP:

2018-04-19_1134

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